Difference of Endemic, Outbreak, Epidemic, and Pandemic

Not all infectious disease terms are created equal, though often they’re mistakenly used interchangeably. There are still many who do not know what the difference is between Endemic, Outbreak, Epidemic, and Pandemic.
In the picture above, briefly explained the differences between the three hopefully, it can become a new knowledge for all of you 📖

An epidemic is a disease that affects a large number of people within a community, population, or region. A pandemic is an epidemic that’s spread over multiple countries or continents. An endemic is something that belongs to a particular people or country. An outbreak is a greater-than-anticipated increase in the number of endemic cases. It can also be a single case in a new area. If it’s not quickly controlled, an outbreak can become an epidemic.

You can see they’re all related to one another and there’s a natural ebb and flow between them as treatments become available and measures for control are put in place — or as flare-ups occur and disease begins to spread. So be careful everywhere you are and always keep healthy!



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